Tattoo is the art of decorating the body by injecting dye ink into the skin layer. Tattoo has been around since time immemorial and continues to this day experiencing technical developments, variations, and market users.
The use of tattoos is done with a specific purpose, for example: as a symbol / identity of a group, as part of a cultural ritual, even identification/ branding of pets. But there are also those who use pure tattoo as a decorative art to beautify the body, without special meaning. The development of the era also makes some travelers use tattoo as a reminder media will record trips to an area, for example Tattoo barong as a remembrance of memories of traveling in Bali, Maori tattoo after traveling in Hawai, etc.
Estimated tattoos have been known since pre-historic times. Tattoo equipment found and used in France, Portugal and Scandinavia at least 12,000 before Masehi. The oldest tattoo found by Otzi Iceman in the 4th to 5th century BC in the Alps. A lot of historical evidence shows that tattoos were also applied by Germanic, Celts, Mummy Anumet machines, Siberian mummies, etc.
Tattoo history in China
Tattoo in China is found in between 2100 and 550 BC in mummified mummies in Xinjiang, including the Qäwrighul, Yanghai, Shengjindian, Zaghunluq, and Qizilchoqa sites.
In ancient China in the Qing Dynasty, tattoos were considered cruel because they were used to display slave ownership. But in Quanzhou, tattoos are part of cultural traditions with special motives for the three main characters – Lu Zhishen, Shi Jin (史 進), and Yan Ching (燕青). Until now, the influence of various migrants, especially Indians who entered China, made tattoos known to be wider and growing in China.
Tattoo history in Europe
The early history of tattooing in Europe could be said to have become known from England, namely since Captain James Cook’s voyage to the South Pacific at the end of the 19th century which brought many troops back to the mainland of England during tattoo conditions. The first professional tattooist documented in England was Sutherland Macdonald, who operated in salons in London starting in 1894. In England, tattoos are still widely associated with sailors and lower classes or even criminals. But in the 1870s the tattoo became more popular and was also used by the upper classes or nobles. Until now, tattoo has become one of Europe’s favorite activities.
Tattoo history in the United States.
Because most tattoos in the US are carried out by amateurs of Polynesia and Japan, tattoo artists are in great demand in port cities throughout the world, especially by European and American sailors. The first professional tattoo artist recorded in the United States was a German immigrant, Martin Hildebrandt. He opened a shop in New York City in 1846 and quickly became popular during the American Civil War between Union soldiers and military sailors and the Confederates. Hildebrandt began traveling from camp to camp for tattoo soldiers, making his popularity increase, and also gave birth to the tradition of getting tattoos when he became American soldiers. Immediately after the Civil War, tattoos became fashionable among upper-class young adults. This trend lasted until the beginning of 1st World War.
The discovery of an electric tattoo machine caused the popularity of tattoos to increase. This machine makes tattooing procedures easier and cheaper, so it removes the status symbol that was previously held, because now the price is affordable for all socioeconomic classes. Symbol tattoo status changes from a representation of wealth, to a sign that is usually seen in rebels and criminals. Despite these changes, tattoos remain popular on military personnel, and the tradition continues today, at least 30% of the people of the United States must have tattoos.
Tattoo history in Greece and Rome
Once upon a time, ancient Greeks and Romans used tattoos to punish slaves, criminals and prisoners of war. initially, tattoos were common among certain religious groups in the ancient Mediterranean. The Romans from Antiquity finally also tattooed soldiers and weapons factories, this practice lasted until the 9th century. Decorative tattoos were forbidden in parallel practices in Egypt and Syria.
Tattoo history in Great Britain
As mentioned earlier, tattooing in the United Kingdom was initiated by Captain James Cook’s trip to the South Pacific. Every time I return to Europe, Captain Cook always tells the story of a trip from Polynesia that impresses because he met a wild tribe who tattooed his body. This makes the driver of the captains interested in making tattoos. Throughout the 17th century, many British pilgrims did tattoos, and continued to develop until now.
Tattoo history in India
In South India, a permanent tattoo called pachakuthu, which is very common in South India, especially Tamil Nadu, before 1980. In northern India, permanent tattoos called Godna. Tattoos have been used as cultural symbols among many tribal populations, as well as the general Hindu population of India. In India, tattoos have many names, including tarazwa, gondan, and ungkala. Tattoo develops as rapidly as Henna, the art of decorating the body with coloring, with different durations of durability on the skin.
Tattoo history in Japan
Tattoo in Japan was originally applied for spiritual purposes especially in the Jōmon or Paleolithic period and expanded widely in the Ainu period. In the days of 1603 and 1868 Japanese tattoos were only practiced by lower class people as symbols, even used as a sign of punishment given to criminals. Therefore, the Meiji Government of Japan in 1868 prohibited tattoo art, and neglect the tattoo artist and tattoo users. But tattoos are still carried out by modern Japanese mafias, Yakuza, with identical motifs in Japan.
The tattoo method in Japan is known as IRREZUMI. The Irezumi tattoo has its own distinct style created over centuries. Irezumi is done by hand, using wooden handles and metal needles attached via silk thread. This method also requires special ink called nara ink. It is a painful and time consuming process, done by a limited number of specialists. The most common motifs in oriental symbols are of Japan, among others: Tiger, Phoenix, Sakura, Peony, Chrysanthemums, Dragons, Koi Fish, Mask, even figures / characters in Japan such as Geisha, Japanese Suikoden, Koji Ichimaru, etc . Until now, oriental-style Japanese tattoos have become one of the favorite tattoo styles.
Tattoo history in Indonesia
Some Indonesian tribes have tattoos in their culture. One example is the Dayak tribe in Borneo (traditional Kalimantan tattoo). Other ethnic groups that practice tattoos are the Mentawai Tribe, the Moi and Meyakh Tribe in West Papua. Even now, Bali is famous as one of the best tattoo artist places in the world. So, tattooing in Bali during your holiday is the best plans. Anytime you want to get special Balinese tattoo, just contact us and make a very great deal in a great result guarantee with us, The Best Tattoo Studio In Bali, MAHARADJAH TATTOO.